Finance

The science that describes the management, creation and study of money, banking, credit, investments, assets and liabilities. Finance consists of financial systems, which include the public, private and government spaces, and the study of finance and financial instruments, which can relate to countless assets and liabilities. Some prefer to divide finance into three distinct categories: public finance, corporate finance and personal finance. All three of which would contain many sub-categories.

The study of finance can also take many forms, depending on the field or area of finance which one wishes to study. For instance, economics is considered a pillar of financial science, where both macro and microeconomic factors affect virtually levels of financial decisions and outcomes at all levels. Additionally, the study of behavioral finance aims to study the more "human" side of a science considered by most to be highly mathematical. This illustrates that the study of finance can, at times, be more art than science.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

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  • finance — money resources A discipline concerned with determining value and making decisions. The finance function allocates resources, including the acquiring, investing, and managing of resources. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * ▪ I. finance… …   Financial and business terms

  • Finance — A discipline concerned with determining value and making decisions. The finance function allocates resources, which includes acquiring, investing, and managing resources. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * ▪ I. finance fi‧nance 1… …   Financial and business terms

  • finance — / faɪnæns/ noun 1. money used by a company, provided by the shareholders or by loans ● Where will they get the necessary finance for the project? 2. money (used by a club, local authority, etc.) ● She is the secretary of the local authority… …   Dictionary of banking and finance

  • finance — [ finɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1283 « paiement, rançon », puis « argent »; du v. finer « payer », altér. de finir « mener à fin, venir à bout » 1 ♦ Vx Ressources pécuniaires. ⇒ argent, ressource. Mod. Loc. MOYENNANT FINANCE : en échange d argent. Au plur.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • finance — FINANCE. s. f. Argent comptant. En ce sens il n a guere d usage que dans le style familier & en plaisanterie. Il est un peu court de finance. il n a pas grande finance. Finance, La somme d argent qui se paye aux coffres du Roy, soit pour la levée …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • finance — fi·nance 1 n 1 pl: money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual 2: the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities 3 …   Law dictionary

  • Finance — Fi*nance , n. [F., fr. LL. financia payment of money, money, fr. finare to pay a fine or subsidy (cf. OF. finer to finish, pay), fr. L. finis end. See {Fine}, n., {Finish}.] 1. The income of a ruler or of a state; revenue; public money; sometimes …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Finance — Fi*nance , v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. {Financed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Financing}.] To conduct the finances of; to provide for, and manage, the capital for; to financier. Securing foreign capital to finance multitudinous undertakings. B. H. Chamberlain …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Finance — Nom porté dans les Vosges et le Haut Rhin. C est un toponyme qui désigne une limite de territoire. Un hameau de l Yonne s appelle la Finance (commune de Piffonds). M.T. Morlet signale un lieu dit à Escles (88) …   Noms de famille

  • finance — [n] economic affairs accounts, banking, business, commerce, economics, financial affairs, investment, money, money management; concepts 360,770 finance [v] offer loan money; set up in business back, bank, bankroll, capitalize, endow, float*, fund …   New thesaurus

  • finance — [fī′nans΄, fə nans′] n. [ME finaunce, a fine, forfeit < OFr finance, wealth, revenue < finer, to end, settle accounts, pay ransom < fin: see FINE2] 1. [pl.] the money resources, income, etc. of a nation, organization, or person 2. the… …   English World dictionary

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